Sustainable development requires waste handling in accordance with the principles of environment protection, social acceptability and efficiency. The best solution would be if producing waste could be avoided completely. The waste that cannot be avoided should,
as much as possible, be reused along with balanced ecological and economic conditions. For that purpose, it is particularly important to collect it separately (by types) at the place where it arises, with the two-fold purpose of:
- separating the useful part (paper, glass, cardboard, bio-waste, plastics, etc.) with the goal of recycling, and
- separating hazardous waste (oil, batteries, medicines, chemicals, etc.) with the goal of detoxification and recycling.
By separated collecting and recycling of waste, its disposal is avoided. That enables using of many useful components, because separately collected waste types are easily used as raw materials for obtaining new products. Thereby, the environment pollution is reduced, and energy is saved in particular. Besides, separated waste collecting and recycling realizes other economic benefits, such as, for example, the reduction of import of secondary raw materials (e.g. glass, paper and metal), employment of workers, reduction of disposal costs, etc.
Pursuant to the Act on Sustainable Waste Management (OG 94/13), a waste producer must hand over its waste to the person that has a permit for collecting, recovery and/or disposal of waste.